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Water is an essential part of life. We use it everyday for drinking, washing, cooking, and cleaning. But water can contain contaminants that are harmful. Because of the severity in health issues that some elements pose, governments have created strict policies to ensure the public is safe.

Many urban areas have sophisticated industrial wastewater treatment systems to keep the toxins out of the household taps. Some individuals also use residential filtering systems to protect themselves from particles that might make their way into their plumbing fixtures.

If you are considering purchasing a water filtration system for your residential area, it is important to do your research first to see if you need one and if so, what type you need. Government regulations protect populations from many deposits. If you feel you might be at risk, knowing what you may find in your drinking water will help you choose the best purifier for your property.

Some common elements found in water include:

1. Aluminum

Aluminum is a common natural element that is found in the soil, water, and air. The amount of aluminum consumed by most people is very small. Because it is non- toxic, aluminum does not cause adverse reactions in healthy humans. However, large amounts ingested can aggravate neurological conditions in people with dementia, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, and Lou Gehrig’s Disease. High doses can also cause or aggravate kidney disease.

2. Barium

Barium is another natural element that can be found in small doses in some water supplies. The small amounts located are harmless, but large amounts ingested can increase the risk of high blood pressure and cardiovascular disease.

3. Copper

Copper is an essential mineral that we need. However, too much, too soon can cause nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.

4. Fluoride

Fluoride is added to drinking water to help prevent tooth decay and cavities. Too much fluoride can have the exact opposite effect, causing serious problems with the teeth and bones.

5. Arsenic

Arsenic is a natural element found in soil. Too much arsenic can cause short term flu-like symptoms, a rash, numbness in the hands and feet, and cramping. Long term complications can include loss of sensation in the extremities and an abnormal heart rate.

6. Bacteria and Viruses

There are several different types of microorganisms that can make their way into your water supply. Several culprits are responsible for contaminating water sources.  Human waste is one of the most common contaminants. The microorganisms can cause mild or severe illness, and even death.

7. Lead

Lead is commonly found in old pipes that were once used to build urban water systems. Too much lead exposure is very harmful to your health. Some long-term effects can include neurological disorders, cardiovascular disease, and kidney disease. Lead can also have adverse effects on your immune system, nervous system, and reproductive organs.

8. Radium

Radium is a natural radioactive element found in some rocks and soils around the earth’s crust. Radium has no effect on your health if you contact it through bathing or washing. If consumed in small doses, it is also generally harmless. Prolonged exposure to high dose of radium can cause anemia, cataracts, and certain types of cancers, including bone cancer.

9. Mercury

Mercury is a natural mineral from the earth’s crust. Exposure to mercury in your water system can cause kidney damage and cancer.

Elements and toxins in your water system can have very serious, and life-threatening effects to your health. The government has very strict standards to ensure that water filter systems remove the toxins from residential and commercial hydration devices to keep users healthy and safe.

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